Brain Injury Research Institute | Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic systemic illnesses, metabolic disorders, and aging create a state of chronic peripheral inflammation. Abstract Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is involved in memory and learning, and disrupted neurogenesis is implicated in cognitive impairment and mood disorders, including anxiety and depression. Some long-term peripheral illnesses and metabolic disorders, as well as normal aging, create a state of chronic peripheral inflammation. These conditions are associated with behavioral disturbances linked to disrupted adult hippocampal neurogenesis, such as cognitive impairment, deficits in learning and memory, and depression and anxiety. Pro-inflammatory cytokines released in the periphery are involved in peripheral immune system-to-brain communication by activating resident microglia in the brain. Activated microglia reduce neurogenesis by suppressing neuronal stem cell proliferation, increasing apoptosis of neuronal progenitor cells, and decreasing survival of newly developing neurons and their integration into existing neuronal circuits. In this review, we summarize evolving evidence that the state of chronic peripheral inflammation reduces adult hippocampal neurogenesis, which, in turn, produces the behavioral disturbances observed in chronic inflammatory disorders.

Genital Herpes | Are you exposed unknowingly to HSV2?

Brain Injury Research Institute Protect the Brain At the Brain Injury Research Institute, our purpose is to study the short and long-term impact of brain injury in general, and specifically in concussions. We focus our attention on the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE , and the physiological effects of this condition on the lives of CTE victims and their families. Research indicates that there is a clear link between brain injuries and a number of different serious and debilitating neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

Our work aims to educate medical participants, public policy experts, and the public on the profound consequences and dangers of concussions – whether in athletics, the military or other professions. We also hope to establish protocols for the treatment of concussions and to eventually help develop therapeutic interventions that can inhibit the progression of the disease and possibly even cure it.

Since this first discovery, chronic traumatic encephalopathy is now recognized as causing dementia in footballs players, ice hockey players, boxers, rugby players and others who engage in contact sports, as well as in members of the military.

In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people. But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease.

Personal Experiences Genital Herpes I don’t have symptoms! Genital herpes is a contagious viral infection affecting primarily the genitals of men and women. Genital herpes is characterized by recurrent clusters of vesicles and lesions at the genital areas or below the waist. The female genital areas are on or near the pubis, vulva, labia, clitoris, buttocks or rectum. The areas for male genital herpes include on or around the penis, the inner thigh, buttocks, or rectum.

Proctitis, or inflammation of the rectum, can be due to HSV. Transmission may occur even if there is no visible outbreak if the infected person is shedding. In the United States alone, there are about , new cases of genital herpes infections annually. While generally not dangerous, it is a nuisance and can be emotionally traumatic, as there is no cure. The number of HSV-1 genital herpes infections is rising. It is no longer the rule that HSV-1 is above the waist.

If you receive unprotected oral sex from someone infected with cold sores, you can contract HSV-1 on your genitals. Do not give oral sex if you have an active cold sore or if you are feeling the prodromal symptoms.

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History[ edit ] According to disability studies specialist Lennard J. Davis , historically, the concept of co-dependence “comes directly out of Alcoholics Anonymous , part of a dawning realization that the problem was not solely the addict, but also the family and friends who constitute a network for the alcoholic. Whereas early on psychoanalytic theory emphasized the oral character and structural basis of dependency, social learning theory considered a tendency to be acquired by learning and experience, and ethological attachment theory posited that attachment or affectional bonding is the basis for dependency.

Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping. They may have difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep as long as desired. Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, low energy, irritability, and a depressed mood. It may result in an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions, as well as problems focusing and learning.

Navigation Menu Cultural Group Guides The following guides emphasize information that can be used to stimulate thinking about cultural differences and prompt questions that will help providers understand how their patients identify with and express their cultural backgrounds. These are not fact lists to apply indiscriminately. African American The following cultural patterns may represent many African Americans, but do not represent all people in a community. Each person is an individual, as well as a community member.

The term African American generally refers to people descended from Africans who did not come to the US voluntarily—descendants of the four million slaves brought to the US between and The family may be matriarchal, although father or mother may take on the decision-making role.

8 Cat’s Claw Benefits for Immunity, Digestion & Chronic Disease – Dr. Axe

Axe content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure factually accurate information. With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses 1, 2, etc.

The most comprehensive source of marijuana news and politics.

It is usually caused by other conditions like high blood pressure, Diabetes, etc. Treatment options for CKD are as follows: Based on the patients’ kidney damage degree, stage of CKD, causes of CKD, different types of medicines are prescribed in the therapy. The medicines can be shattered and then be penetrated into kidney lesions directly with the help of osmosis devices. This therapy can guarantee the effective medicine ingredients are absorbed by kidneys completely.

Therefore, the patients can achieve a better curative effect. Immunotherapy Immunotherapy aims at treating CKD by correcting immune dysfunction and rebuilding kidney structure.

The 7 People You Will Meet While Dating With A Chronic Illness | Thought Catalog

Its cell membrane is covered by flagella and a loosely-associated outer membrane. The major outer-surface proteins include OspA, OspB and OspC which are highly charged basic proteins of molecular weights of about 31, 34, and 23 kilodaltons, respectively , as well as the kd flagellar protein, are important targets for the immune response of humans. Based on studies of its DNA, the organism has been subclassified into several genospecies: In , a total of 19, Lyme disease cases were reported in the United States.

In Europe, most cases occur in the Scandinavian countries and in central and eastern Europe especially in Germany, Austria and Slovenia , although cases have been reported from throughout the continent.

The ultimate guide to dating with chronic illness. Covers all the awkward stuff, all the first date stuff, and all the stuff you were too embarrassed to talk.

Abnormal blood-pressure and heart-rate events Hypersensitivity to light, noise or other sensations The condition affects between one and four million in the US and millions more worldwide – and the combination of symptoms can devastate a patient’s life for decades. Its hallmark is persistent and profound fatigue where, on a bad day, a simple activity like grocery shopping can put someone to bed.

It is often accompanied by memory problems or other symptoms. These include joint and muscle pain, incapacitating headaches, food intolerance, a sore throat or enlarged lymph nodes and sensitivity to light. However there is no specific treatment and the IOM found less than a third of medical schools teach about the disease. They deserve real care. To spread the word, committee members are writing about the diagnostic criteria in several medical journals, and the institute’s web site, www.

Patients have long sought a change to a name they say belittles their suffering. The new report rejected that option, saying not all patients have the muscle pain and brain or spinal cord inflammation that medical jargon reflects. Beyond improving diagnosis, the government-funded report should spur more research to understand and treat the disease, she said.

It’s too soon to know if the new name will catch on, but including the word ‘disease’ instead of ‘syndrome’ is an improvement, Head added.

Insomnia – Wikipedia

First and most important: Now add the stress of dating onto that and we feel like we will always stay single. Although it is hard to date as a Chargie, it is certainly not impossible! How can I date with chronic illness? We asked our Twitter community what they wanted to share about this topic.

Six in ten Americans live with at least one chronic disease, like heart disease, cancer, stroke, or diabetes. These and other chronic diseases are the leading causes of death and disability in America, and they are also a leading driver of health care costs.

Mechanism[ edit ] Two main models exists as to the mechanism of insomnia, 1 cognitive and 2 physiological. The cognitive model suggests rumination and hyperarousal contribute to preventing a person from falling asleep and might lead to an episode of insomnia. The physiological model is based upon three major findings in people with insomnia; firstly, increased urinary cortisol and catecholamines have been found suggesting increased activity of the HPA axis and arousal; second increased global cerebral glucose utilization during wakefulness and NREM sleep in people with insomnia; and lastly increased full body metabolism and heart rate in those with insomnia.

All these findings taken together suggest a dysregulation of the arousal system, cognitive system, and HPA axis all contributing to insomnia. Altered levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA have been found, but the results have been inconsistent, and the implications of altered levels of such a ubiquitous neurotransmitter are unknown. Studies on whether insomnia is driven by circadian control over sleep or a wake dependent process have shown inconsistent results, but some literature suggests a dysregulation of the circadian rhythm based on core temperature.

A qualified sleep specialist should be consulted for the diagnosis of any sleep disorder so the appropriate measures can be taken. Past medical history and a physical examination need to be done to eliminate other conditions that could be the cause of insomnia. After all other conditions are ruled out a comprehensive sleep history should be taken. The sleep history should include sleep habits, medications prescription and non-prescription , alcohol consumption, nicotine and caffeine intake, co-morbid illnesses, and sleep environment.

The diary should include time to bed, total sleep time, time to sleep onset, number of awakenings, use of medications, time of awakening, and subjective feelings in the morning. Such a study will commonly involve assessment tools including a polysomnogram and the multiple sleep latency test. Specialists in sleep medicine are qualified to diagnose disorders within the, according to the ICSD , 81 major sleep disorder diagnostic categories.

Pancreatic Disorders | MedlinePlus

Health outcomes for Indigenous Australians cannot be improved without nutrition. Angela Wylie Diet is the single most important factor in the chronic disease epidemic facing Aboriginal communities. However, the role of diet is not widely acknowledged. While smoking and alcohol have become the public faces of the crisis, their effects pale in comparison to the impact of diet and nutrition.

“An important antidote to the dogmatic ‘kale and vitamins’ tone of most ‘self-help’ literature.” —Alexa Tsoulis-Reay, senior writer, New York magazine Popular blogger Ilana Jacqueline offers smart and savvy advice, humor, and practical tips for living with an invisible chronic illness.

Green Cabbage While both red and green cabbage are good for you, red cabbage packs a more powerful nutritional profile. For example, red cabbage contains about 85 percent of the daily vitamin C our bodies need, while the green variety provides 47 percent. In fact, red cabbage has more vitamin C than oranges, believe it or not. Red and green cabbage are two different cabbage varieties, but they have a similar flavor.

Red cabbage tends to be more peppery and is usually smaller and denser than green cabbage heads. In acidic soils, the leaves usually grow more reddish, while in neutral soils, they grow more purple. This explains why the same plant is known by different colors in various regions. Red cabbage needs well-fertilized soil and sufficient humidity to grow at its best. However, if you are concerned at all about pesticide use, go for organic cabbage.

Vitamin A Red cabbage contains 10 times more vitamin A than green cabbage.

What Stress Can Do To Your Body | Heart MD Institute – Dr. Stephen Sinatra’s Informational Site

Here are some helpful pain resources 3. Find the right person. Most people are lucky. Chronic illness fighters have one more layer to get through. Just maybe, they can show you they care without saying a thing.

“An important antidote to the dogmatic ‘kale and vitamins’ tone of most ‘self-help’ literature.” —Alexa Tsoulis-Reay, senior writer, New York magazine Popular blogger Ilana Jacqueline offers smart and savvy advice, humor, and practical tips for living with an invisible chronic illness.

Pale mucus membranes, including gums Recurring gastrointestinal problems, such as vomiting or diarrhea Bleeding problems Light gray stool or orange urine Weight loss Neurological signs, such as seizures or circling Increased fluid consumption Swollen or bloated abdomen Diagnosis A vet will diagnosis liver disease based on a physical examination and blood test.

The physical examination will review possible symptoms, especially an enlarged liver. The blood test will measure the level of liver enzymes. Treatment Eliminating the cause of the disease is the first step in treatment. In the case of a bacterial infection, for example, your vet will probably prescribe antibiotics. Many times, however, liver disease may be the result of other diseases such as hemolytic anemia.

The treatment in that case becomes more complex. Dietary adjustments are the most common treatment for liver disease in dogs. Your veterinarian can discuss with you the options for adjusting the amount and type of protein, carbohydrates and fat in your dog’s food. Certain commercial dog foods are especially designed for dogs with liver conditions.

CHRONIC ILLNESS DATING TIP FOR COUPLES! (5.9.17)