Even oven-dried wood retains a small percentage of moisture, but for all except chemical purposes, may be considered absolutely dry. The general effect of the water content upon the wood substance is to render it softer and more pliable. A similar effect occurs in the softening action of water on rawhide, paper, or cloth. Within certain limits, the greater the water content, the greater its softening effect. Drying produces a decided increase in the strength of wood, particularly in small specimens. The greatest strength increase due to drying is in the ultimate crushing strength, and strength at elastic limit in endwise compression; these are followed by the modulus of rupture, and stress at elastic limit in cross-bending, while the modulus of elasticity is least affected. There are no vessels “pores” in coniferous wood such as one sees so prominently in oak and ash, for example. The structure of hardwoods is more complex.
Date Stamping a Vintage Block
Collecting antique furniture is a costly endeavor. You don’t want to make any mistakes and buy a misrepresented piece that you thought was worth hundreds of dollars or more. Signs of Age Measure a piece of wood furniture. If the furniture is old, its dimensions will not be uniform – it won’t be the same width throughout, and a tabletop will not be completely round. Run your hand over and shine a flashlight across the surface of the wood to detect hairline cracks and ripples that come with aging.
Mortise and tenon joints pinned together with timber dowels. This simple joint uses the most basic materials and is the oldest method of building wooden structures, dating back at least to the early localhost:81 remained the primary method until the development of stick framing in the ‘s.
The sides of the stove will protect your fire from wind while allowing for sufficient ventilation to support a more complete burn with less smoke. All of this keeps your fuel hot, increases gasification, and promotes a more efficient burn. As a result, you will need a fraction of the wood to cook up a meal in a stove compared to an open fire. A well designed stove will also allow you to easily set a pot at a reasonable height over your flame. Not only is it easier to set your pot on a stove compared to an open fire, the heat and exhaust of a stove is usually funneled straight up towards the bottom of your pot.
Wood stoves may also be allowed where campfire aren’t and can be environmentally friendly in that they don’t use up as much of the forest for fuel, produce as much smoke as a campfire and if purposefully built, will not even burn the ground they are on leave no trace.
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A Tricky Joint Simplified. Exposed joinery is the perfect blend of form and function. A well-executed joint is not only beautiful to look at but also serves to bond furniture elements with strength and endurance. This article will focus on making a through tenon joint. The through tenon is especially useful for joining boards that are at right angles as in a bookcase or, as in this example, the legs of a slab wood coffee table.
Historically, furniture joinery was kept hidden, serving the function, but ignoring the form.
Block Plane Dating Block Planes from the Author’s Collection A great deal of research has been dedicated to dating Stanley’s bench planes over the years, with type studies established for the Bailey and Bedrock lines, as well as many of the most popular specialty planes.
It was begun in by Margarete Steiff, who was later assisted by her brother Fritz. Steiff produced black bears after the Titanic disaster Margarete Steiff contracted polio as a baby, leaving her wheelchair bound. Finding employment as a seamstress, she started making stuffed animals as a hobby. These toys began as elephants, which were originally a design Steiff found in a magazine and sold as pincushions to her friends. However, children began playing with them, and in the years following she went on to design many other successful animal-themed toys for children, such as dogs, cats and pigs.
She designed and made most of the prototypes herself.
A Guide to Steiff Bears – ArtiFact :: Free Encyclopedia of Everything Art, Antiques & Collectibles
Drowning out – or in – the noise By Ryan Lavner February 5, , 4: Both Woodland and Reavie have been on the fringes of contention all season, and they took advantage when the bigger-name players — the ones with more pressure to perform, with more to lose — faltered on the final day. Gary Woodland called the most difficult year of his career. Last spring, his wife, Gabby, lost one of their twins mid-pregnancy.
Specified Technologies Inc. is an industry leader in developing innovative fire protection systems that help stop the spread of fire, smoke, and hot gases.
Dovetails – A Clue for Dating Antiques by Ken Melchert Dovetail joints often hold two boards together in a box or drawer, almost like interlocking the fingertips of your hands. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating. With just a little study of these examples, it is easy to spot true hand made construction vs.
The earliest examples are from furniture placed with mummies in Egypt thousands of years ago, and also in the burials of ancient Chinese emperors. For thousands of years, a dovetail joint was created by a skilled cabinetmaker using small, precision saws and wood chisels. Tiny angled saw cuts were followed by careful cutting by a sharpened chisel on both sides to avoid splintering.
When the joint is expertly executed, it is a thing of beauty, and a secure joining of two boards that can last for centuries.
What Everyone Should Know About Finishing Oak – Wood Finishes Direct
History[ edit ] The term was once common around the furniture-making town of High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire , England. Bodgers were highly skilled itinerant wood-turners, who worked in the beech woods of the Chiltern Hills. The term was always confined to High Wycombe until the recent post revival of pole lathe turning with many chairmakers around the country now calling themselves bodgers.
Chairs were made and parts turned in all parts of the UK before the semi industrialised production of High Wycombe. As well recorded in Cotton the English Regional Chair Bodgers also sold their waste product as kindling, or as exceptionally durable woven-baskets.
[Also known as Devil’s Claw Root, Grapple Plant or Wood Spider] Harpagophytum procumbens Origin: A traditional herb used in South Africa. Dosage: Capsules, tincture, powder and liquid; take mg to 1, mg three times a day Claims: Relieves pain and localhost:81 help lower uric acid levels in people with localhost:81 as a digestive aid and appetite stimulant.
Skirting boards How to remove paint from wood — 3 ways There are three ways of removing paint from wood: Sanding is best kept for small projects unless you want to hire an industrial sander to remove paint and varnish from your floor. A quick word about sandpaper and wire wool, both of which can cause damage to wood unless you take it easy… When you sand wood you take the surface off, and you need to do it as evenly as possible without rubbing it thin in places or creating gouges.
Power tools help because their design forces you to apply even pressure. Bear in mind, also, that a hot air gun can only be used as a paint remover, not a varnish remover as varnishes tend to go very gooey, almost glue-like, when heated. Chemical stripping is the best method for stripping carved wood with hard-to-reach, intricate areas, but in reality you will probably use a combination of mechanical and chemical methods for your project, especially if you have layer-upon-layer of old paint to take off.
Chemical paint removers deliver the best results, remove varnishes and paints faster than sanding, and tend to be the least harsh. Care needs to be taken when using chemical strippers, however, as these present their own care and safety issues. As Kirsty Allsop says on the Channel 4 Homes website: Protect the floor with dust sheets or thick newspaper.
To get a chemical stripper into nooks and crannies on intricate woodwork, use wire wool. On the downside, you tend to use more of it, so it can end up more expensive than a caustic stripper. Solvents can also cause burns, smell awful and must only be used in a very well-ventilated space.
Cove and Pin Drawer – FineWoodworking
Home Blog A very old drawer, in a very old chest of drawers October 11, By Al Navas A very old drawer, in a very old chest of drawers We are finally home, after 3, miles on the road in two weeks. Following the conference we drove into the Western part of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont, a region commonly referred to as New England, for all readers not in the United States.
And now the job of cataloging photos of our trip begins, to make some order of the conference, the miles, the gorgeous views, and the wonderful people along the way. As I started the job of cataloging the photos, I came across this photo of a drawer in an old cabinet from the s. It is one of 8 drawers in an old cabinet at the Old Woodshed, in Intercourse, PA — I avoided flash, and used only very dim available light:
The Knapp Joint, also known as Pin & Cove, Pin & Scallop and Half Moon, is a visually unique style of antique joinery. It is a particularly interesting joint to us at Furnish Green because we don’t see it very often, and there’s a reason for that; it was only in use for about 30 years.
Photographs by Wyatt McSpadden Press spacebar to see more share options. Texas barbecue has no peer on earth. In Kansas City they tout paltry slices of gray beef covered in sweet ketchup; the whole thing resembles cold cuts more than barbecue, which is why their arguments generally center on sauce rather than meat. In Memphis they grill ribs over charcoal and fret about whether to hide the product under a pool of sugary sauce or cover it with flavored dust.
In the Carolinas they lift their noses and say through pursed, vinegary lips that they invented barbecue. They may have a claim there, but luckily we Texans came along to perfect it. The American barbecue tradition is rooted in numerous ancient practices.
A very old drawer, in a very old chest of drawers — Sandal Woods
Just to let you know, if you buy something featured here, Mashable might earn an affiliate commission. Smokey, grilled, and delicious. By Kevin Billings Mashable Deals They can provide that little extra flavor or pop that only wood-smoking and grilling can provide.
Examine the Joints Remove a drawer from the roll-top desk to see how it was put together. A dovetail joint resembles the triangle shape of a bird’s tail and holds the boards together with cutouts in the wood that fit together snugly.
During the Second World War , railroad, aviation, logistical supply and port facilities mushroomed around the Oakland-Alameda estuary, surpassing San Francisco in volume of commerce. In state legislation was enacted to create a S. Feasibility studies for a transbay tube were completed in the early s and submitted to the state for review in January This original report envisioned a mile long system tying then-developed portions of the Bay Area together with the most modern rapid transit system conceived up until that time.
This was subsequently shortened to the BART acronym we recognize today. Sonoma, Santa Clara, Solano and Napa Counties were not taken into the original district because planners did not perceive a need for commuter transit service from outlying areas. At this same time, it was decided to abandon the electrified Key System commuter rail service across the lower deck of the S. Bay Bridge, transforming the structure into the double-decked freeway in use today, with 6 traffic lanes in both directions.
Engineering feasibility studies were performed between
An Illustrated History of the Dovetail Joint | Bungendore Wood Works Gallery
This was not good enough for one young Irish visionary. Fergus Murphy, who determined to find a A Better Way. Fergus, believing that the wood was cut and joined could alone provide all the strength that was required, was one day sitting gazing at his father’s dovecot when he was suddenly transfixed by an that was to eventually revolutionise the woodworking scene.
It’s a bit out of my time period but from what I remember, this joint showed up in the late ’s or early ’s. It’s a fully mechanized joint. There’s actually a machine that cuts the rounded part with a pin integrated into the drawer front.
American Furniture Many vintage furniture buyers opt for quality reproductions that are more affordable, and either option is fine providing that you research your subject well when identifying antique furniture. There is no exact science where antique furniture is concerned; you simply make an educated decision based on what is most important to you. Researching and Identifying Antique Furniture Becoming knowledgeable about antique furniture takes research, even if you are focusing on only one aspect of this wide-ranging subject.
Many collectors prefer particular eras, styles, and makers, while others have more eclectic tastes. Get an expert opinion: A trained eye is more likely to find an undervalued treasure or a clever fake than a novice ever would. Use the press and stay informed about current trends and potential scams in the antique trade by consulting popular and highly regarded antique trade publications. Consider practical matters Carefully: Always check the size and weight of any piece of antique furniture that interests you.
Shipping furniture can be a costly proposition. To reduce these costs, search in local antique dealers and check other sellers who will provide a complete wrap and ship service.
Making Wood Joints With Hand Tools PDF Woodworking
Even oven-dried wood retains a small percentage of moisture, but for all except chemical purposes, may be considered absolutely dry. The general effect of the water content upon the wood substance is to render it softer and more pliable. A similar effect occurs in the softening action of water on rawhide, paper, or cloth. Within certain limits, the greater the water content, the greater its softening effect.
Drying produces a decided increase in the strength of wood, particularly in small specimens. The greatest strength increase due to drying is in the ultimate crushing strength, and strength at elastic limit in endwise compression; these are followed by the modulus of rupture, and stress at elastic limit in cross-bending, while the modulus of elasticity is least affected.
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Corner Notches Where the log walls intersect, a notch must be cut to lock the two walls together. The technique of hand crafting and cutting the interlocking corner notches is crucial to how the finished log home will look and perform. The precise crafting of this notch is essential to maintaining a tight seal and preventing gaps from occurring. At The Log Connection, our craftsmen have years of experience crafting multiple styles of corner notches. The most common is the Scandinavian Saddle Notch.
This corner notch system features precisely angled surfaces which achieve an excellent long term tolerance and create an extremely effective water and air infiltration barrier. Dovetail We offer many variations of the Dovetail corner notch, which is most suited to traditional slab side log or timber style homes, and is available in a smooth finish or textured with a traditional adzed look.
Our craftsman enjoy the challenge and precision workmanship required for dovetail log homes.